Islamic History – 5

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Before Abu Bakr passed away, he appointed Umar as the next caliph.

Umar
After the victory of Ajnadain, Muthana came to the capital to ask for reinforcements. On the first day of his caliphate Umar appealed for volunteers and a sizeable army was raised under Abu Ubaid. Muthana succeeded in defeating Rustam the famous Persian in the battle of Namaraq.

Battle of Bridge/Jasr
Muthana and forces of Rustam meet. Abu Ubaid crossed the river, ended up being killed and got 6000 of his army killed. Continue reading

Islamic History – 4

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We have till now looked at the first period of Islamic History (briefly) i.e. the time of the Prophet (s.a.w). In this post we will look at the 2nd period – i.e. the period of the rightly guided caliphs.

Abu Bakr (632 AD – 634A.D)
Abu Bakr was the first to accept the message that the Prophet(s.a.w.) brought forth without questioning him. Being a friend he knew the character and personality of the man who was known for his honesty. Abu Bakr was also the first to confirm the Prophet’s Isra & Mi’raj. He was the Prophet’s lone companion on Hijrah and used to substitute the Prophet in leading prayers when the Prophet wasn’t available. Continue reading

Islamic History – 3

The series (so far ) contains:

(continued from Islamic History series…)

The Prophet (at Medina)
In the previous post we looked briefly at (part 1) Arabia before Islam, (part 2) the Prophet(s.a.w.) at Mecca, until Hijrah (or the migration). In this part we will look at the life of Prophet(s.a.w.) after Hijrah.

Continue reading

Islamic History – 2

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(I will continue with the Islamic History notes series. In this post, we will look at the beginning of the Islamic History – the period of the Prophet (s.a.w.) (very briefly). )

We have already looked at Arabia before the Prophet. Now we will look briefly at the life of the man who changed the whole image of Arabia from a land of ignorance and decadence to a land of knowledge and learning. Continue reading

Islamic History – 1

(Sharing my little notes on Islamic History. Most of what is here is understood from “Glimpses of Islamic History” by Irfan Faqih.)

The series (so far ) contains:

Islamic History can be divided into 4 distinct periods:

The period during the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.)’s time
The period of the four caliphs — Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali
The period of the Ummayyads
The period of the Abbassids Continue reading